centos 6.8 yum安装 mysql 5.7

最近在学习yum安装LNMP环境,在centos6.8安装mysql5.7,为了更加的简单安装mysql5.7,我这里将三个centos6.8安装mysql5.7的配置文件打包。

安装mysql主要需要三个配置文件。

  1. 1mysqlcommunity.repo
  2. 2mysqlcommunitysource.repo
  3. 3RPMGPGKEYmysql

mysql-community.repomysql-community-source.repo两个文件放置在/etc/yum.repos.d/目录下。

RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql文件放置在/etc/pki/rpm-gpg/目录下。

三个文件我已经打包,可以直接下载,上传到相应的位置即可。

下载地址:链接: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1mijw9ZE 密码: 624j

文件上传完毕之后,执行安装命令,一路y即可,看到Complete!就表示安装成功了。

  1. yum install mysqlcommunityserver

启动服务,开启新的旅程吧。

  1. #启动服务
  2. service mysqld restart
  3.  
  4. # 查看默认密码
  5. grep ‘temporary password’ /var/log/mysqld.log
  6.  
  7. # 登录mysql 没有密码则不填写密码
  8. mysql uroot p
  9.  
  10. #修改默认root密码
  11. grant all privileges on *.* to root@‘%’ identified by ‘密码’;
  12.  
  13. #新增设置online用户与密码123456,并从任何机器都可以访问mysql
  14. mysql > grant all on *.* to ‘online’@‘%’ identified by ‘123456’;
  15.  
  16. flush privileges;    // 刷新权限
  17. chkconfig mysqld on  // 设置开机启动
  18.  
  19. yum y remove mysql* // 卸载mysql

++++++++++++++++ 华丽的分割线 ++++++++++++++++++++++++

如果感兴趣,可以手动的配置mysql5.6的文件,下面就是步骤,完成安装mysql 5.6 的过程

下面我就罗列一些安装mysql5.6的时候出现的问题。

  1. 1No package mysql56 available
  2.  
  3. 2warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
  4.    Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
  5.    
  6. 3warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
  7.    Public key for mysqlcommunityclient5.6.362.el6.x86_64.rpm is not installed
  8.    
  9. 4Error: File contains no section headers.
  10.    file: file:///etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community-source.repo, line: 1
  11.    ‘—–BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK—–\n’
  12. ….

上面的这些报错就是我在安装mysql5.6的时候遇到的,当然可能还是有许多其他的问题。

1. 查看系统里面有没有mysql 的repo

  1. # yum repolist all | grep mysql

2. 如果没有发现,则需要配置repo

注意,如果要使用5.7 或者其他任何版本,只能有一个是 enabled=1的,其他的都得enabled=0

  1. #vim /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community.repo
  2. # Enable to use MySQL 5.6
  3. [mysql56community]
  4. name=MySQL 5.6 Community Server
  5. baseurl=http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.6-community/el/6/$basearch/
  6. enabled=0
  7. gpgcheck=1
  8. gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql

3. 再看看是否存在mysql的repo

  1. # yum repolist enabled | grep mysql
  2. mysql56community     MySQL 5.6 Community Server                             214

ok,说明已经有了,下面就可以安装mysql5.6了

4. 注意,

可能想当然的以为是

  1. # yum install mysql56
  2. //你只会得到
  3. No package mysql56 available

实际上官方的安装命令是

  1.  # yum install mysql-community-server
  2.  //但是,失败了呢
  3.  mysqlcommunityserver5.6.282.el6.x86_64.rpm     |  53 MB     00:10     
  4.  
  5. warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
  6. Retrieving key from file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql
  7. 获取 GPG 密钥失败:[Errno 14] Could not open/read file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql

5.失败乃成功的妈妈

从错误提示看:需要验证 GnuPG 签名,还好可以手动,毛主席说,自己动手丰衣足食嘛。

当然,还有一招,我们暂且不用:

  1. http://repo.mysql.com/yum/mysql-5.6-community/el/6/x86_64/mysql-community-server-5.6.28-2.el6.x86_64.rpm

我们接下来按照错误处理过出来搞,把签名先搞起来,参考地址: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/checking-gpg-signature.html

  1. # vim /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-mysql 
  2. 写入如下内容
  3.  
  4. —–BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK—–
  5. Version: GnuPG v1.4.9 (SunOS)
  6.  
  7. mQGiBD4+owwRBAC14GIfUfCyEDSIePvEW3SAFUdJBtoQHH/nJKZyQT7h9bPlUWC3
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  10. BqOxRznNCRCRxAuAuVztHRcEAJooQK1+iSiunZMYD1WufeXfshc57S/+yeJkegNW
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  99. —–END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK—–

好的,似乎ok了。我们再来一次吧,嘿嘿。

执行安装命令:

  1. # yum install mysql-community-server

6、如果上面的方法尝试之后,还是会出现下面的报错:

  1. warning: rpmts_HdrFromFdno: Header V3 DSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID 5072e1f5: NOKEY
  2. Public key for mysqlcommunityclient5.6.362.el6.x86_64.rpm is not installed

那么解决的方法如下:

  1. rpm ivh *.rpm
  1. #vim /etc/yum.repos.d/mysql-community-source.repo
  2.  
  3. 写入下面内容
  4.  
  5. —–BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK—–
  6. Version: GnuPG v1.4.9 (SunOS)
  7.  
  8. mQGiBD4+owwRBAC14GIfUfCyEDSIePvEW3SAFUdJBtoQHH/nJKZyQT7h9bPlUWC3
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  100. —–END PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK—–
  101.  
  102. # 执行下面的命令
  103. rpm import /etc/pki/rpmgpg/RPM*

7、通过上面的步骤,在执行安装命令。应该就可以安装成功了。

  1. # yum install mysql-community-server

经过一系列Y/N的选择,进度条漂亮的到达了终点。

至此,MySQL 5.6 成功的从yum安装了。

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